Treating the Rising Melanoma Cancer in Men

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Men’s melanoma risks have skyrocketed since the erectile dysfunction drugs were introduced to the market. If you or a loved one has suffered from melanoma after taking ED medicine such as Viagra, Cialis or Levitra you should contact attorneys who specialize in Viagra Melanoma Lawsuits.

For anyone suffering from melanoma or curious about the deadly skin cancer we hope this will help.

Melanoma Treatments

A melanoma cancer diagnosis can go from very easily cured to fighting a hard battle for survival very fast. Melanoma usually begins as skin cancer, but if left untreated, it can spread to the lungs, liver, brain, bone, heart, pancreas or other organs.

Those who have been treated for primary melanoma tumors, often just called moles, are at higher risks of having a “recurrence.” Melanoma cancer that has spread away from the primary tumor is called metastatic melanoma.

A Little Information on Stage 0, I, II, III and IV Melanoma Cancer

Stage 0 Melanoma | Melanoma In Situ

This stage covers moles on the outermost skin layer, the epidermis, that have melanoma cells discovered during a biopsy.

Melanoma moles in situ

Melanoma mole with uneven color and irregular border.

Melanoma mole with uneven color and irregular border.

Mole with melanoma cancer. Irregular border.

Mole with melanoma cancer. Irregular border.

Asymmetrical melanoma cancer mole greater than 10 millimeters (1/2 inch).

Asymmetrical melanoma cancer mole greater than 10 millimeters (1/2 inch).

Mole with uneven color, irregular border and scaly flaky area sign of melanoma.

Mole with uneven color, irregular border and scaly flaky area sign of melanoma.

Very irregular mole. Melanoma with asymmetrical uneven color and irregular border.

Very irregular mole. Melanoma with asymmetrical uneven color and irregular border.

Stage I Melanoma

The melanoma cancer is still localized to a primary tumor and has not spread into nearby lymph nodes. The depth of melanoma mole tumor and possible ulcerations (scabbing) determine how serious the stage I cancer is. Mitoses may be occurring which is when the cancer cells are actively multiplying.

Stage II Melanoma

Stage II melanoma cancer is still a localized primary tumor, but the risk of spreading is higher than Stage 0 or I.

Stage III Melanoma

The melanoma has spread to lymph nodes located near the primary mole/ tumor, or it may have transit metastasis and satellite tumors.

Four primary factors to determine the Stage III diagnosis.

  1. Number of lymph nodes with melanoma
  2. Tumor size/ s. Microscopic or Macroscopic
  3. In-transit/ satellite tumors
  4. Mole ulcerations

Stage IV Melanoma

Lymph nodes beyond the primary melanoma region are now infected with cancer cells. Metastasis throughout the body may be found including vital organs such as lungs, abdominal organs, brain, and bone cancer. Elevated lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels signify that melanoma has spread to internal organs.

Drugs, radiation, alternative medicines & more.

The treatments for melanoma cancers can and will vary depending on the patient being treated and the melanoma specialist who treats them, but the following is a general overview of what may be expected.

Stage 0 Melanoma

Typically treated with outpatient, excision surgery to remove the cancer cells. The risks of recurrence is usually minimal, but regular screenings may be required for life.

Stage I Melanoma

Before surgical excision to remove the primary melanoma, a sentinel lymph node biopsy may be needed to see if the cancer has spread. Some medical professionals may follow surgery with radiation therapies. If a sentinel lymph node biopsy shows spreading, lymph node dissections or removal of lymph nodes around the cancer area may be required. Treatment with interferons may be needed.

Stage II Melanoma

Similar surgeries, but typically requires a wider local excision to ensure that all melanoma cells are removed. Radiation therapy and lymph node removals may be required. Treatment with interferons also may be needed. Stage II patients will require many tests going forward to ensure the cancer was completely removed.

Radiation therapy uses dangerous x-rays and gamma rays, to kill cancer. Advanced cases of melanoma such as metastatic cancer to the brain or bone may not allow surgery.

Stage III Melanoma

Surgery may or may not be recommended. If the cancer is spreading in a microscopic form, surgery may not help. Surgery may be recommended for larger macroscopic tumors and other treatments for smaller cancer cells.

Radiation therapy should be considered. Treatment with interferons are typically needed. Stage III patients may want to consider using more advanced treatments if positive results are not coming fast with standard treatments.

Stage IV Melanoma

Stage IV melanoma cancer is the deadliest. In addition to the treatments used for all other stages of melanoma cancer, a patient may also consider more advanced and sometimes experimental treatments or therapies.

Systemic therapies travel through the blood to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy uses toxic substances that destroy cancer cells. Immunotherapy uses the body’s immune system fight cancer. All of these treatments can cause very severe side effects.

A quick overview of Metastatic Melanoma, Metastasis

Metastatic melanoma and advanced melanoma metastasis develop as melanoma spreads away from a localized area such as a mole on the skin.

Melanoma Medicines and Drugs

Ipilimumab (Yervoy), An immunotherapy drug
Vemurafenib (Zelboraf), A targeted drug
Dabrafenib (Tafinlar), A targeted drug
Trametinib (Mekinist), A targeted drug
Imatinib (Gleevec), A targeted drug
Nilotinib (Tasigna), A targeted drug
Dacarbazine (DTIC), Chemotherapy drug
Temozolomide (Temodar), Chemotherapy drug
Biochemotherapy (i.e. Interferon with Temozolomide), Combination of targeted drugs and chemo

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